This unit works on the following:
Phoneme Segmentation-This is a student's ability to orally break apart a word or segment a word. You can practice this at home. If you say the word cat, your child should be able to segment the word into three sounds /c/ /a/ /t/. From here we progress to closed syllables with blends. (Example: beginning blends stop /s/ /t/ /o/ /p/ and then ending blends jump -/j/ /u/ /m/ /p/ which can be more difficult.
Students are also learning about digraphs. Digraphs are two letters that make one sound. The following are digraphs:
wh, ch, sh, th, ck
Keyword wh - whistle - /w/
Keyword ch - chin - /ch/
Keyword sh - ship - /sh/
Keyword th - thumb - /th/
Keyword ck - sock - /ck/
Students also learn that when a closed syllable in in the sound k/, they use the digraph ck . Examples: sick, dock. pack
Students are learning when to use question marks.
Students are also learning Narrative Story Form including character, setting, and main events.
We are emphasizing that students read with accuracy and prosody. We want them to make sure that they are reading the right words, they make sense in text and that they begin to read with expression.
Students are also asked to retell stories with pictures, notes and visualization.
unit 3 Trick Words are: as, has, to, into, we, he, she be, me, for, or
Students have reviewed all letters and sounds. They are reading closed syllable words. Closed syllables are words with one vowel that are followed by a consonant (examples-cat, it, lost, craft). These syllable types always have the short vowel sound (the sound that does not say its name). They are reading and writing these words. Students work on dictating sentences that have capital letters in the beginning and punctuation at the end. They are asked to proofread their work. They have learned the trick words: the, a, and, is, his and of.
Students are reviewing letters and sounds learned in kindergarten.
The Key Words are as follows:
t top /t/
b bat /b/
f fun /f/
n nut /n/
m man /m/
i itch /i/
u up /u/
c cat /k/
o octopus /o/
a apple /a/
g game /g/
d dog /d/
s snake /s/
e Ed /e/
r /rat/ r
p pan /p/
j jug /j/
l lamp /l/
h hat /h/
k cat /k/
v van /v/
w wind /w/
y yellow /y/
x fox /ks/
Tricky sounds for students that can be reinforced at home are g/j, w/y as well as all vowel sounds (e is the trickiest).
Students also reviewed letter formation, capital letters at the beginning of sentences as well as punctuation.
Please click this link for an extended list of key words:
Wilson has created a parent letter to provide an orientation of Fundations. The file is below.
The writing grid used in the program names each line. The top line is the sky line, the dotted line is the plane line, the grass line is where most letters stop, but some letters go below (p, j, g, q, y) and touch the worm line.
Click on attachments below for the lower case letter formation guide.